Spinal anesthesia is most commonly used for anesthesia and/or analgesia for a variety of lower extremity, lower abdominal, pelvic, and perineal procedures.
UpToDate, Inc. recently published an article titled Spinal anesthesia: Technique. The article can be found here.
Spinal anesthesia is, a type of neuraxial anesthesia; local anesthetic (LA) is injected into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the lumbar spine to anesthetize nerves that exit the spinal cord. Spinal anesthesia is most commonly used for anesthesia and/or analgesia for a variety of lower extremity, lower abdominal, pelvic, and perineal procedures. The Epidural Positioning Device is a positioning aid that is available that is designed to support the patient in the sitting position during neuraxial blocks.
This article will discuss the relevant anatomy, techniques, and management of spinal anesthesia. Indications, contraindications, preoperative evaluation, physiologic effects, and complications of spinal anesthesia are discussed separately.
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